Because of this, three of the five species of rhinoceros are among the most endangered species in the world: the black rhino, the Javan rhino, and the Sumatran rhino. Breeding in Zhejiang and Fujian, China. [6] Elaeocarpus bojeri, a flowering plant found only on the island of Mauritius, has fewer than 10 surviving individuals, because of loss of habitat. These magnificent creatures date back to the Ice Age and at one point in time, there were more than 30 million living in North America. Hunted for meat, for fur, and for other materials governments around … SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pongo abelii, Pongo pygmaeus. At least 37% of these endangered species would become extinct by the year 2050. approach, where species and wild habitats are valued and prioritised according to these services they provided for people. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gorilla beringei beringei. Seven species of turtle live in the ocean. Depending on who you ask, there are either two species of gorilla, the eastern (Gorilla beringei) and western (Gorilla gorilla), or three subspecies, the eastern lowland, western lowland, and mountain gorillas. Overfishing and bycatching has led to the steady decline of the population. [3], International Union for Conservation of Nature Species Survival Commission, "Report lists world's 100 most threatened species, urges action", "The expendables? describes the threats that each species is facing, along with measures that would aid their survival. The narwhal's tusk is actually a tooth and can grow up to 12 feet (3.7 meters). Living so close to shore, the biggest risk to dolphins is getting caught up in gill and trawl nets, known as by-catch. Climate change, by-catching, habitat destruction and being hunted for their meat, skin and shells have led to a decline in their numbers. Silky sifaka(Propithecus candidus), fewer than 1,000 still alive The World's 100 most … WWF has been working to help protect areas where these tigers live and breed. The Baji only lives in the Yangtze River in China. In fact, Cross River gorillas, found in small bands in the forests of Nigeria and Cameroon, are … Although extinct in the wild by 1980, the red wolf was reintroduced to North Carolina seven years later by the US Fish and Wildlife Service. Even though they are no more hunted, they remain one of the most endangered species. The Sumatra rhino is the smallest of all living rhinos and the only rhino in Asia to sport two horns. Traveling across the oceans and the Mediterranean Sea, the albacore tuna can live for up to 12 years and grow up to 12 feet (3.7 meters) long. The tree is an evergreen and grows up to a height of 40 metres. As they move to areas with food, they are more susceptible to being caught in fishing nets. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Elephas maximus borneensis. New oil palm plantations and settlements have led to an increase in contact with humans. Over the last 60 years, the population of Bornean orangutans has dropped by 50%. Mostly found southern Africa and the southern part of East Africa, the African wild dog is one of the world's most endangered mammals. Hunting and deforestation has threatened their survival. There are just under 17,000 southern white rhinos left in the wild. Let us look into the beautiful creatures whose existence we are threatening. They are known for their distinctive red fur and are considered the largest tree-dwelling animals. The nongovernmental organization was founded in 1961 and works across the world to protect our planet, habitats and species. Kariega Estuary to East Kleinemonde Estuary, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa, Analalava district, north-western Madagascar, Cyclops Mountains, Papua Province, Indonesia, unknown—probably degradation of coral reef habitat, illegal collection for international pet trade, oceanographic changes related to the 1982/1983 El Nino, over-fishing due to value of swim-bladder in traditional medicine, hunting (horn is used in traditional medicine), limited habitat and small population size increase vulnerability, habitat degradation due to feral ungulates, habitat degradation due to reduction in water quality and quantity, exploitation has removed the species from 95 per cent of its historical range, agricultural encroachment shifting cultivation and hunting by local people, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 14:19. The black-footed ferret is known to be the only ferret native to North America. Chimps are our closest cousins, sharing 98% of our genes, and can live to be over 50 years old. River pollution also impacts the health of the dolphins. These feathered beauties are one of 12 birds to inhabit the western Great Plains. Working with partners, the WWF has helped to reconnect more than 40 floodplain lakes to the Yangtze River. There are three species — Bornean, Sumatran and Tapanuli — and they live a solitary existence in lowland forests. Widespread poaching of the rhino for its horn is the primary reason behind the population decline, with the horn fetching as much as $30,000 per kilo. A major road set to be built in northern Sumatra could threaten one of the last remaining habitat areas. Share. First discovered in 1801, dolphins are one of the oldest creatures in the world. These magnificent creatures, feeding on plankton in and around the Mesoamerican Reef, Coastal East Africa, the Gulf of California and the Coral Triangle, are solitary, preferring to travel alone. 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